Q: Is it permissible for the Imām to make qunūt in obligatory prayers due to a calamity? A: Making qunūt in prayers other than witr is disliked. It is considered an innovation. However, if you are led in prayer by someone who makes qunūt in Fajr or due to a calamity, you are to follow them. If you can hear them, you say “Amīn” and if not, you make dua. If there is a calamity that afflicts the Muslim community, other than the plague, it is recommended for the ruler and whoever
Q: Is my prayer invalid if I forget or ignorantly make a mistake with an obligation of the prayer? A: The obligations of prayer include the takbīrs to move, tasmī, taḥmīd; the first tasbīḥah in bowing and prostration, “My Lord forgive me” between the two prostrations for everyone, the first tashahhud and its sitting. If any of these are intentionally abandoned, the prayer is invalid. If, however, they are forgotten or unknowingly abandoned e.g. done incorrectly, they are void
Q: Is it permissible for a woman to lead another man or other men in prayer? A: The authoritative ruling of the school is that it is not valid for a woman (or a hermaphrodite) to lead a man in any prayer be it obligatory, recommended, or voluntary. If a man were to unknowingly pray behind either and then come to find out, he must make up that prayer. It should be noted that many of the earlier generation (al-mutaqaddimun) held the view that a woman who knew how to recite was
Q: What is the 'awrah of a female in prayer? A: The 'awrah is considered that which must be covered of the body. The minimum that must be covered for girls ages 7 to puberty for prayer to be valid, is everything between the navel and the knees. Women, the age of puberty and older, must be ENTIRELY covered apart from their face. It is preferred that they pray in three garments, a dress, a khimar, and a jilbab. Outside of prayer, the face is considered a part of a woman's 'awra
Q: What is the ruling of closing one’s eyes during prayer? A: As explicitly reported, it is disliked to close one‘s eyes during prayer without a need as it is considered a Jewish ritual and never assumed act of sleep. A need would be like closing one’s eyes to avoid seeing something that should not be seem during prayer like one’s spouse in the nude or, even worse and impermissible, an unclothed stranger. Source: Kashshaf al-Qina’a #prayer #eyes
Q: Is it permissible for me to hold the Quran when I am praying? A: It is permissible to hold the Mushaf/Quran to read from during prayer and required if you have not memorized any portion thereof in order to perform it as prescribed. Source: Sharh al-Muntaha #Prayer #Quran #Mushaf #SharhalMuntaha #covid19
Q: Right after I said the takbiratul Ihram for Fajr the timer for its end went off, but I continued and finished the prayer. Was it valid? A: It’s best to offer the prayer just after its time begins however, it is caught with the takbiratul ihram made during its time even if moments before it ends. The prayer is not void if the time then runs out just after. Source: Sharh al-Muntaha #Fajr #Prayer #SharhalMuntaha
Q: What are the exact conditions to combine and shorten your prayers when traveling? (Distance, days until you’re not a traveler anymore, etc.) A: It is recommended to shorten a four-rakʿah prayer for anyone who intends permissible travel (including tourism and sightseeing) to a specific destination which reaches 16 farsakhs (i.e. two days underway by land or sea equivalent to 85 US miles), if they surpass the homes of their village or tents of their people.Though shortening
Q: Do I have to pray before I sit in the Masjid? A: The 2-rakah prayer to “greet the masjid” before sitting is sunnah based on the following conditions:
1. That the one who enters is in a state of ritual purity from the 2 hadaths (minor and major).
2. It is not a prohibited time (except for when the Imam is delivering the sermon in the masjid).
3. He is not the khateeb.
4. He has not entered the masjid to pray Eid.
5. The obligatory prayer has not already started.
Q: How low do I have to bow when making ruku? A: The minimum required position for ruku/bowing is to bend low enough for the hands of a man of average height and size to touch his knees. It is however preferred to bow low enough for your back to be parallel with the ground. Source: Sharh al-Muntaha #SharhalMuntaha #Prayer #Ruku #bowing