Q: What are the conditions of Hajj and Umrah? Please elaborate.
A: There are five basic conditions/prerequisites of Hajj and Umrah which are of three categories. They are as follows:
1. Islām and soundness of mind are conditions of obligation and validity.
2. Having reached puberty and complete freedom are conditions of obligation and sufficiency.
3. Capability is a condition of obligation.
These are the five conditions of hajj and umrah.
Secondary conditions which should also considered are safety of route without the requirement of escort, the presence of water and feed along the way, and enough time to travel the route
Source: Hidayat al-Raghib